Islamic Relief are off to Katowice, Poland for the CoP 24
We have put together this quick and easy to read guide to explain what COP 24 is all about.
Q: What is CoP 24?
A: CoP 24 is 24th annual Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. CoP 24 is being held in Katowice, Poland and will run from 2nd – 14th December 2018.
Q: So what is it all about?
A: Back in 1992, the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted. The aim of was to stabilise atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs), and 197 states have now signed up to the framework.
COP – Conference of Parties – was set up in 1995 to review progress. In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was passed. This is really important as it committed State Parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris Agreement of 2015 strengthened the global response to the threat of climate change in targeting a global temperature rise this century well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature rise to 1.5°C. CoP 24 aims build on by setting out the Rule Book for the legally-binding Paris Agreement and the next steps to transformative change.
Q: Why is it important?
A: An unprecedented array of scientists from around the world presented a special report (2018)[i], which underlines the gains from limiting warming to 1.5°C. The report states that human activity has already caused about 1°C of global warming, while at the present rate of warming (0.2°C per decade) we will hit 1.5°C by about 2040. Even with the national pledges made as part of the Paris Agreement, we are on course for warming of about 3°C by 2100 threatening ecosystems and species, and human populations vulnerable to extreme weather, destruction of crops, and societal collapse. The report suggests that we have a maximum of twelve years to make the changes necessary to stop this happening and we must start now. At the CoP, governments must renew and increase their commitments and agree to rules which make sure that they meet them
The effects of climate change are already being felt throughout the world, especially in the lower-income countries who are least able to adapt to them. The CoP will continue to monitor the mechanisms established to ensure that lower-income countries have the resources to properly protect their people.
So with the Paris Agreement ratified by over 170 countries, now is the time to ensure that the commitments are being met, and that innovative ways to strengthen and extend the actions are shared and agreed upon.
Q: Are we all committed to cutting our greenhouse gas emissions?
A: Sadly, it’s not that easy or straightforward. A lot of countries have published their intended commitments and action plans of how they will reduce their carbon emissions, but others haven’t, and many of the commitments are conditional. Countries should agree to revise their national climate plans (NDCs) by 2020 at the latest so they close the gap towards achieving the 1.5°C limit.
Q: If all the intended commitments are passed though, will that be enough?
A: No. To provide a planet our children, grandchildren and future generations can live in, we must limit the increase in the global average temperature to 1.5 °C. To achieve this, greenhouse gas emissions must be eliminated by 2040. The current national commitments would result in emissions in 2030 being higher than in 2015 and will take us on the 3°C warming path. And we don’t know about potential tipping points when warming runs out of control. The present commitments realistically exclude the attainment of either the 1.5°C or 2°C targets. Without continuing and escalating commitment, additional measures and system change, complete climate breakdown and its horrendous consequences seems inevitable.
“We are in danger of ending life as we know it on our planet”
– Islamic Declaration on Climate Change, 2015
Q: Is there anything we can do to help ensure that governments act on their commitments?
A: We have been asking people to campaign with us. Start conversations with your friends and neighbours, talk to religious leaders about the issue, spread the word on social media, and look for petitions and events near you that can get people talking about climate change and pass the word along. Keep yourself informed, The Guardian provides up to date information. Look for local and national campaigns on climate issues, or start your own. Muslim Action on Development and Environment (MADE) has produced a Campaign Toolkit offering practical advice to get a campaign off the ground, as well as helpful tips and creative ideas to give your campaign maximum impact.
Q: Why is Islamic Relief getting involved in a discussion about climate change? We thought you worked to alleviate poverty.
We do. And what we have increasingly found is that much of the poverty and suffering we are working to reduce is actually caused by climate related factors.
For example, we work in East Africa where famine has followed years of drought, and in South Asia where land erosion due to storms and surges is depriving vulnerable people of their livelihoods. Furthermore, when we set out to help families and communities overcome their situation we find that climate change is one of the biggest challenges they face. Scarce water in areas of central Asia is not being replaced so people cannot sustain the progress they have made in increasing their family assets such as livestock. When rains come they are often in the form of violent storms causing flooding and destruction of roads which thwart efforts to supply drought stricken districts.
Climate breakdown is adding another uncertainty to the lives of marginalised people in developing countries which are disproportionately affected by climate change. Through impacts on livelihoods, reductions in crop yields, destruction of homes, increases in food prices, and water scarcity people living in poverty are most severely affected because they lack the assets and power to cope with these stresses.
Q: What is Islamic Relief doing about climate change?
A: Climate Champions explains how our recent work in 13 countries – from the smallest scale in Malawi to major enhancement of water supplies in whole province catchment areas in Sudan – has helped some of the most vulnerable people in the world adapt to the effects of climate change.
One of our programmes in Pakistan provides clean and safe drinking water, sanitation and health interventions to improve hygiene practices and reduce the risk of disease. Among climate initiatives in Bangladesh, Islamic Relief is running a long-term programme to reduce risks by enhancing climate change adaptation and disaster resilience, and an integrated development project is empowering climate vulnerable households and communities to enhance income, food and livelihoods security, basic services, resilience and a reduction in extreme poverty. In north-eastern Kenya Islamic Relief has recently completed a solar irrigation project to improve community resilience, preparedness and food security and increase self-reliance by enabling pastoralists who have repeatedly lost their herds to drought to switch to growing fruit and vegetables.
Our Climate Change Policy shapes how we are responding to the climate change challenges, and the Islamic Declaration on Global Climate Change calling on Muslims to protect the environment has been adopted by more than 60 Muslim leaders from around the world.
Islamic Relief’s Action on Climate & Consumption project supported people in some of the world’s poorest countries to fight climate change, while at the same time inviting Muslim communities and others in the ‘rich North’ to join the struggle. Mosques and schools are committing to lowering energy consumption by adjusting heating and conditioning levels and looking for ‘green’ providers. Families are looking to their food buying habits to cut out waste, and their transport needs to see where walking, cycling, buses and trains can replace car use. Individuals are digging gardens, growing vegetables, and planting trees. People everywhere are considering how they can reduce, reuse and recycle what they buy.
We are also working to reduce our own carbon footprint. Our ambitious Environmental Policy commits us to reducing and eliminating emissions in our offices and operations through improving energy efficiency, and planting trees to offset essential air travel.
Q: What do the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) say about climate change?
A: Here is a selection of our favourites:
“O children of Adam!… eat and drink- but waste not by excess for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Qur’an 7:31)
“The Earth is green and beautiful, and God has appointed you his stewards over it.” (Muslim)
“Whoever plants a tree and diligently looks after it until it matures and bears fruit is rewarded.” (Bukhari)
“Do not strut arrogantly on the earth. You will never split the earth apart nor will you ever rival the mountains’ stature.” (Qur’an 17:37)
Q: What can I do to help improve the climate?
A: There are many simple ways that people have helped improve the climate, whether as individuals, or as a community. Collectively we have to take action to prevent further damage to the earth we all live on.
Here are some simple ideas to inspire you:
Turn down heating or cooling slightly. Just 1 degree will help reduce your bills by about 8%.
Turn things off when not in use (lights, television, computers etc.) and don’t leave things on standby and chargers plugged in.
Hang your clothes out to dry rather than using the tumble dryer. Clothes dryers account for 6% of household’s annual electricity consumption
Drive less, walk or bike more. Use public transport.
Reduce your meat consumption, greenhouse gas emissions from the livestock sector are estimated to account for 14.5 per cent of the global total.
Use both sides of paper when printing or writing, rather than just one.
Ditch bottled water. Every minute, humans produce over 1 million plastic bottles releasing 120 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. Most end up in landfill or in the ocean.
Buy a reusable coffee cup. Paper cups lead to 6.5 million trees cut down, 4 billion gallons of water, and enough energy to power 54,000 homes for a year going to waste
Buy local so food doesn’t have to travel so far to reach you. Buy what you need, don’t waste food.
Cut your consumption: Refuse, reduce, reuse, recycle
[i] IPCC (2018) Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC (Report). Incheon, South Korea: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Policies & Publications
“We are in danger of ending life as we know it on our planet”
Islamic Declaration on Climate Change
Islamic Relief has raised over millions in the last three years to address issues related to climate change. This review sets out the challenges and describes Islamic Relief’s most recent interventions. Climate Champions highlights how communities are working with us to adapt to climate change and build resilience, including efforts to reduce the risk from future shocks. It also captures why Islamic Relief is vocal on climate change and climate justice issues, and how we are campaigning to reduce emissions, promote sustainable living and protect the most vulnerable.Download/View Publication
Climate Change policy
This publication reviews and sets out Islamic Relief’s policy on climate change. It builds on the foundation of Islamic perspectives and scientific evidence described in the Islamic Relief Climate Change Policy of December 2014 . Outlining policy messages for Islamic Relief programmes, partners and external audiences, the policy takes account of new events and Islamic Relief’s recent experience in adaptation, resilience, human development and poverty reduction.Download/View Publication