Covid-19 crisis: monthly incomes in Gaza have fallen by almost 90 per cent, research finds
The monthly income of workers in Gaza has fallen by almost 90 percent since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic and tens of thousands have lost their jobs, according to new research by aid organisation Islamic Relief.
Almost 60 percent of people are no longer able to afford basic food, medicine and other essential supplies, and 82 percent are suffering from mental health issues such as anxiety and stress because they are increasingly unable to support their families. Many are forced to make the impossible choice between buying food for their children or medicine for sick relatives. The past few weeks have seen Covid-19 cases in Gaza escalate at the highest rate yet, and Islamic Relief is warning that the impact is likely to get worse as winter approaches.
Islamic Relief carried out the study of more than 2,000 workers in key industries across Gaza, including agriculture, small businesses, pre-primary education, fishing, hairdressing and hospitality. The research found the “double lockdown” of Covid-19 on top of more than a decade of crippling Israeli blockade is pushing families deeper into hunger, destitution and psychological harm:
- The average monthly income has fallen from $244 to $29 since March. Many people are currently earning nothing at all as businesses have shut down.
- 92% of people surveyed said they have not received any government or non-government food or cash support during the pandemic. International aid to Gaza has been severely cut in recent years.
- 82% show signs of mental health issues and almost one in five people are unable to sleep due to insomnia or nightmares as a result of the current situation
- Despite this, 65% don’t know how to access mental health and psychosocial support services
- Only 26% now have regular access to places selling fruit and vegetables
- Although 81% say they have received the information they need about Covid-19, only 42% can access or afford protective material such as face masks
- 80% of small-scale agricultural labourers have been laid off, according to one union. Those who can still work have seen their daily income cut from $9 to $3.
“After years of blockade, Gaza’s economy has been destroyed and people face a daily struggle to feed their families. Now Covid-19 has pushed many people over the edge. The psychological impact of not being able to feed your children or buy medicine for your loved ones, and not knowing if you will ever be able to work again, is enormous. Communities and neighbours are coming together and sharing food to try and help each other, but people here need much more support from the rest of the world, starting with an end to the blockade.”
Waseem, 25, who has lost most of his work as a barber, said: “My wife suffers from epilepsy and my father is sick with cancer. When I used to work I bought their medication. But now with corona I don’t have money to buy it. My father has stopped his doses for cancer and my wife’s condition has worsened again. My soul is tired. I feel helpless and I cannot do anything. I fear and grieve for my children when they see their mother’s condition like that.”
Ehab, 30, suffers from a rare genetic disease. He said: “I’m supposed to take four pills a day. But I’ve been out of work due to corona so I can only afford three pills. I know this will harm my health but when I have a little money I first provide food for my family. I’m afraid that if I die I don’t know what will happen to my children and my wife. I feel very helpless.”
Alaa, a kindergarten teacher is the sole breadwinner for her two children. She says: “The salary I got (before the pandemic) is little but I wish I could return to it tomorrow. We didn’t get salaries for the past two months. This worries me because the corona pandemic is still going on and I don’t know when I will be able to return to work. I don’t know what to do if it lasts for months longer – how do I tell the children that I cannot bring the food they need?”
Since 2007, Gaza has been under a blockade that severely restricts the movement of goods and people in and out of the region. Even before the Covid-19 pandemic around 80 per cent of people were in need of aid, according to the UN. Gaza has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world, with 49.1% of the adult population currently without work. Suicide attempts in Gaza have increased by about 250% in the last ten years under blockade.
Islamic Relief is calling for an end to the blockade of Gaza. It is also calling on international donors to invest more in supporting those most at risk with cash or voucher programmes – such as cash-for- work projects targeting people who have lost their jobs, or food vouchers where not possible – and promoting subsidised access to psychosocial support services.
Notes to editors
- The study was conducted by Islamic Relief in late September 2020. It interviewed 2,013 workers from all five governorates in Gaza and focused on seven professions: agricultural farmers and labourers; Industry workers; kindergarten workers; fishermen; hairdressers; restaurants and stall owners and workers; and school bus drivers. Key Informant Interviews were also carried out with representatives of seven of the largest trade unions and professional associations. Interviews were conducted via phone to comply with social distancing.
- As of 6th November 2020, there are 7,760 confirmed Covid-19 cases in Gaza. Nearly half of these were reported in October alone.
- Islamic Relief has been working in Gaza since 1994 and implements programmes including food distribution, healthcare and psychosocial support. It is currently running a Gaza Emergency Appeal https://www.islamic-relief.org/category/appeals/emergencies/gaza-emergency-appeal/
- Islamic Relief staff in Gaza are available for interview